NASA began construction of the capsule of the first manned spacecraft Orion for deep space
NASA officially launched the construction of new-generation spacecraft, which for the first time in half a century will allow people to again go beyond the circumterrestrial orbit. The project is called Orion and this is the second model – the first was unmanned and passed some tests in 2014 . It is expected that the new ship will be launched into space with the help of the Space Launch System towing vehicle in 2019, but this is only the beginning of a large program.
Behind the loud headline is still a prosaic fact: at the assembly pile in Michud, near New Orleans, the first two parts are welded. These are parts of the bulkheads, which, after the addition of the remaining five, form a high-strength capsule, which will become the backbone of the ship. The process of machining and joining parts is extremely slow, Lockheed Martin engineers say they plan to manage only by September.
According to the project manager, Mike Houza, this capsule of the spacecraft in which the command module will be located is the most advanced and high-tech in history. It has 80 fewer details than the first Orion model, it is 30% lighter, but not inferior to it in performance. All this means saving fuel, space and minimizing the cost of creating new ships.
The manned model of the space ship Orion is intended for delivering people to places where the laws of the “real cosmos” already operate. Moon, Mars, new orbital stations near them or near other planets of our system. Locations where cosmonauts will have to rely only on themselves, not having any opportunity to quickly return to Earth or get help from there.